Word Order in Sentences

the order of words

Word Order In Sentences

One of the most important grammer rule in every language is the word order in sentences. If we want to build correct sentences, we need to follow some rules. Those are actually very easy in the English language.

The word order in general:

subject
verb
object
I
learn
English.

The table explains the order of the words. But I will explain the meaning of subject,verb and object.
subject: the person or thing that does the action. You can ask with "who?"
verb: the action, which is made by the subject.
object: person or thing affected by the verb.

Of course there are more types of words. This table is more detailed:


subject
verb
indirect object
direct  object
place
time
I
am teaching
you
English
at home
now.

This time the word order still is SVO(subject, verb, object). Only if you add more information to your your sentence (like: time, place) you need to use this rule. So do not use the time before the place.
Also you see that there is an indirect and direct object. The direct object is directly affected by the verb, but the indirect object receives something from the subject. The indirect object mostly is a person.


 Negative sentences:


subject
verb
indirect object
direct object
place
time
I
am not giving
you
the book
at school
next week.
I
will not give
you
the book
at school
tomorrow.

As you can see the word order doesn't change, if the sentences is negative. You only need to put the "not" or "don't" in the right place. 

You also need to put the adverbs into the right place.

subject
verb
direct object
adverb
She
did
her homework
slowly.
I
will see
you
tomorrow.
He
didn’t see
me
here.
Adverbs of manner, time and place are placed behind the direct object or verb, if there is no direct object.
Adverbs of manner: slowly, carefully, accidentaly, angrily...
Adverbs of time: then, yesterday, recently, now...
Adverbs of place: here, behind, there...

Word order in subordinate clauses:

Definition: You may not know the meaning of subordinate clauses. Those clauses cannot stand by themselfs, because they would not give the right idea or the senctence would not make sence at all. Here is an example:

conjunc-tion  

subject
verb
indirect object
direct object
place
time

I
did not give
you
my book
at school
yesterday,
because
you
would lose

it.



From the second part of the sentence you can read the reason why "I" didn´t give you the book. Without it, the main idea wouldn´t be mentioned and the sentence would be missing.
This time the sentence order is the same only that after the comma there is a linking word(conjunction).
Some linking words: because, as, since, although, ...
Linking words connect different ideas/thoughts in sentences.

Word order in questions:

interro-gative
auxili-ary  
verb
subject
other verbs
indirect
object
direct object
place
time
What
did
you
play
with her

at home
yesterday?

Do
you
see
me

at the store
every
week?

The order is the same as before. Only this time we have interrogatives and auxiliary verbs.

Interrogative:
Those are question words like: What?, Where?, When?, Why?, How?, How long? ...

Auxiliary verbs are added into a sentence to express tense, aspect, modality, voice...
some examples: forms of be (am, is are... being, been) <- not every "is, are... is an auxiliary verb!
                           forms of have, do... 

Those are all of the rules to word orders in sentences. If you learn them effectively you will not make mistakes and you sentences will be correct all the time. Try not to forget the SVO structure! :)